Basa Sansekerta (संस्कृतम्, anggén aksara Latin: saṃskṛtam, kaucapang [sɐ̃skɽɪtɐm]) inggih punika basa India kuna sané lantang babadnyané kirang-langkung 3.500 warsa.[1][2] Sansekerta masoroh basa-basa Indo-Arya.[3] Sansekerta inggih punika basa suratan indik agama lan filosofi Hindu miwah suratan akéh kakawian agama Buddha lan Jain lan dados lingua franca India kuna.[4][5] Ring pangawit abad ka-1 M, Sansekerta ibéh ka Asia Tenggara,[6] Asia Timur[7] miwah Asia Tengah[8] sareng agama Buddha lan Hindu, pinaka basa budaya luhur lan basa sané kaanggén olih élit sané nitah wawidangan-wawidangan punika.[9][10] Sansekerta pinaka basa kasurat ngawitin ring abad ka-2 SM saking Rigveda.

Taittiriya Samhita Veda
Rigveda

PustakaSunting

  1. George Cardona (2012). Sanskrit Language. Encyclopaedia Britannica
  2. Harold G. Coward (1990). The Philosophy of the Grammarians, in Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies Volume 5 (Editor: Karl Potter). Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-81-208-0426-5
  3. George Cardona (2012). Sanskrit Language. Encyclopaedia Britannica
  4. Damien Keown; Charles S. Prebish (2013). Encyclopedia of Buddhism. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-1-136-98595-9
  5. A. M. Ruppel (2017). The Cambridge Introduction to Sanskrit. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-08828-3
  6. Ramesh Chandra Majumdar (1974). Study of Sanskrit in South-East Asia. Sanskrit College
  7. Charles Orzech; Henrik Sørensen; Richard Payne (2011). Esoteric Buddhism and the Tantras in East Asia. BRILL Academic. pp. 985–996. ISBN 978-90-04-18491-6
  8. Banerji, Sures (1989). A companion to Sanskrit literature: spanning a period of over three thousand years, containing brief accounts of authors, works, characters, technical terms, geographical names, myths, legends, and several appendices. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 978-81-208-0063-2
  9. Michael C. Howard (2012). Transnationalism in Ancient and Medieval Societies: The Role of Cross-Border Trade and Travel. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-9033-2
  10. Sheldon Pollock (2009). The Language of the Gods in the World of Men: Sanskrit, Culture, and Power in Premodern India. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-26003-0