Koordinat: 46°N 25°E / 46°N 25°E / 46; 25


Romania inggih punika silih tunggil negari ring benoa Éropa. Negari puniki jimbarnyane 342,000 km² lan akeh kramanyané kirang langkung 19,523,621 diri.

Romania

România  (Romanian)
Bendera Romania
Kober
{{{coat_alt}}}
Lambang
Gending kebangsaan"Deșteaptă-te, române!"
(Inggris: "Awaken thee, Romanian!")
EU-Romania (orthographic projection).svg
EU-Romania.svg
Location of Romania (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]

Ibu kota
Bucharest
44°25′N 26°06′E / 44.417°N 26.100°E / 44.417; 26.100
Basa resmiRomanian[1]
Recognised minority
languages[2]
Kelompok etnik
(2011[3])
Agama
(2011)[4]
81% Romanian Orthodoxy
5.1% Catholicism
6.2% Protestant
1.5% Other
0.2% Irreligion
6.0% No data
DemonimRomanian
PamrentahanUnitary semi-presidential
republic
• President
Klaus Iohannis
Ludovic Orban
LegislatipParliament
Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Establishment history
• First Romanian polities
kr. 895 / 1247a
1330
kr. 1360
1570
• First common rule under Michael the Brave
1600
24 January 1859
9 May 1877Mal:\1878c
14 March 1881
1918 / 1920e
Jimbarnyané
 - Total
238,397 km2 (92,046 sq mi) (81st)
 - Perairan (%)
3
Populasi
 - Perkiraan 2019
Decrease 19,401,658[5] (59th)
 - Sensus Krama 2011
20,121,641[3] (58th)
84.4/km2 (218.6/sq mi) (117th)
PDB (KKB)2020
 - Total
Increase $576.946 billion[6] (40th)
Increase $29,555[6] (54th)
PDB (nominal)2020
 - Total
Increase $261.868 billion[6] (46th)
Increase $13,414[6] (57th)
Gini (2018)Negative increase 35.1[7]
sedang
IPM (2018)Increase 0.816[8]
sangat tinggi · 52nd
Mata uangRomanian leu
(RON)
Zona waktuEET
(UTC+2)
 - Musim panas (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Wentuk pinanggaldd.mm.yyyy (AD)
Lajur kemudiright
Kode telepon+40
Santo pelindungSaint Andrew
Kode ISO 3166RO
Ranah Internet.rof
  1. A Vlach duke ruling Transylvania around 895, Gelou, is mentioned alongside Glad and Menumorut in the late 12th century Gesta Hungarorum (the reliability of which is debated); a 1247 royal charter, known as the Diploma of the Joannites, mentions four Romanian keneziates (or polities) in Muntenia and Oltenia.
  2. The double election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza in Moldavia and Wallachia (respectively, 5 and 24 January 1859).
  3. Independence proclaimed on 9 May 1877, internationally recognised in 1878.
  4. Romania in the interwar period, following the proclamation of the union in 1918 including Bessarabia, Bukovina, Transylvania, parts of Banat, Crișana and Maramureș, established after the Paris Peace Conference closing World War I in 1920.
  5. Monarchy was abolished on 30 December 1947 upon the proclamation of the People's Republic and was changed with the new constitution upon its adoption on 21 August 1965 as the Socialist Republic. The Communist regime fell on 22 December 1989, the new democratic government was installed on 20 May 1990 and the new post-communist constitution was adopted on 21 November 1991. Romania joined the European Union on 1 January 2007.
  6. Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.

PustakaSunting

  1. "Constitution of Romania". Cdep.ro. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal 7 Séptémber 2017. Retrieved 2 Oktober 2013.
  2. "Reservations and Declarations for Treaty No.148 – European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages". Council of Europe. Council of Europe. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal 8 Désémber 2015. Retrieved 3 Désémber 2015.
  3. 3,0 3,1 "Romanian 2011 census (final results)" (PDF) (in Rumania). INSSE. Kaarsipin (PDF) saking versi asli tanggal 17 Juli 2013. Retrieved 28 Agustus 2012.
  4. Pikobet nganggit: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama census_2011_rel
  5. "Population on 1 January". ec.europa.eu/eurostat. Eurostat. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  6. 6,0 6,1 6,2 6,3 "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2019". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 16 October 2019.
  7. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income – EU-SILC survey". ec.europa.eu. Eurostat. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  8. "2018 Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. 2018. Kaarsipin (PDF) saking versi asli tanggal 22 Maret 2017. Retrieved 20 Séptémber 2018.