Parallel Cinema

(Kagingsirang saking Parallel Indian Cinema)
Satyajit Ray, silih tunggil tokoh Parallel Cinema

Parallel Cinema (Perfilman Samping) inggih punika gerakan perfilman India sané mawit saking pradésa Benggala Kauh duk warsa 1950an pinaka alternatif ring film-film komérsial Hindi mainstream sané kasengguh pinaka Bollywood.

Parallel Indian Cinema mainspirasi saking Néoréalisme Italia tur mawit sadurungnyané French New Wave miwah Japanese New Wave. Indian New Wave mawit saking Parallel Cinema ring warsa 1960-an. Gerakan Parallel Cinema mawit ring Benggala tur ngamolihang makarya pangaryan film kasub ring majebag jagaté, makadi Satyajit Ray, Mrinal Sen, Ritwik Ghatak, miwah Tapan Sinha.

Cihna-cihna PIC inggih punika daging sané sérius, réalis tur naturalis, nénten madué igel-igelan miwah gending-gending sané khas sakadi film Bollywood. Film-film Parallel Cinema lumrahné maosang indik-indik sosial tur politik sané wénten ring India.

AwitSunting

Réalisme ring perfilman India sampun wénten daweg warsa 1920an miwah 1930an. Silih sinunggil umpama sané pinih awal inggih punika Savkari Pash (1925), film sané nénten madué suara, karya Baburao Painter.[1]

Wiwit malihSunting

Kruna Parallel Cinema wiwit kaanggén malih daweg 1990-an indik film-film non-komérsial sané kakaryanin ring jaban Bollywood.[2] Umpamanyané film sané ngranjing Parallel Cinema modéren punika wénten Utsab (2000) miwah Dahan(1997), karya Rituparno Ghosh, Yuva (2004), karya Mani Ratham, 3 Deewarein (2003) miwah Dor (2006), karya Nagesh Kukunoor, Matrubhoomi (2004), karya Manish Jha, Hazaaron Khwaishein Aisi (2005), karya Sudhir Mishra, Maine Gandhi Ko Nahin Mara (2005), karya Jahnu Barua, Valley of Flowers (2006), karya Pan Nalin, My Brother… Nikhil (2005) miwah Bas Ek Pal (2006), karya Onir, Black Friday (2007), karya Anurag Kashyap, Udaan (2009), karya Vikramaditya Motwane, Dhobi Ghat (2010), karya Kiran Rao, Sonchidi (2011), karya Amit Dutta, miwah Ship of Theseus (2013), karya Anand Gandhi.

Taler wénten film-film sané nganggé basa Inggris, minakadi Mitr, My Friend (2002), karya Revathi, Mr. and Mrs. Iyer (2002) and 15 Park Avenue (2006), karya Aparna Sen, Being Cyrus (2006), karya Homi Adajania, The Last Lear (2007), karya Rituparno Ghosh, miwah Little Zizou (2009), karya Sooni Taraporevala.

Sutradara Parallel Cinema sané kantun aktif ngantos rahinané mangkin sakadi Buddhadeb Dasgupta, Aparna Sen, Gautam Ghose, Sandip Ray (putran Satyajit Ray), Kaushik Ganguly, Suman Mukhopadhyay miwah Kamaleshwar Mukherjee ring film mabasa Benggala; Adoor Gopalakrishnan, Shaji N. Karun, T. V. Chandran, M.P. Sukumaran Nair, Shyamaprasad, Dr. Bijuand Sanal Kumar Sasidharan ring film-film mabasa Malayalam; Kumar Shahani, Ketan Mehta, Govind Nihalani, Shyam Benegal, Amit Dutta, Manish Jha, Ashim Ahluwalia, Anurag Kashyap, Anand Gandhi, miwah Deepa Mehta ring film-film mabasa Hindi; Mani Ratnam miwah Bala ring film-film mabasa Tamil, Rajnesh Domalpalli miwah Narasimha Nandi ring film-film mabasa Telugu, Jahnu Barua ring film-film mabasa Hindi miwah Assam, Amol Palekar miwah Umesh Vinayak Kulkarni ring film-film mabasa Marathi.

Aamir Khan makarya film-film sané nénten tatas ngranjing Bollywood utawi Parallel Cinema. Ida nulungin mangda Parallel Cinema punika dados langkung kasub tur film-filmné mapikolih dados populér taler maosang indik-indik sosial sané sérius.[3]

PustakaSunting

  1. "Savkari Pash (The Indian Shylock), 1925, 80 mins". filmheritagefoundation.co.in.
  2. "Bollywood on the table". tribuneindia.com.
  3. "Secret Superstar: A moving slice of life". asianage.com.