Péta Oséania
Peta Migrasi Krama Oséania

Oséania inggih punika benoa sané pinih alit ring jagaté tur kawentuk saking Ostrali miwah kapuloan Samudra Pasifik. Ostrali inggih punika negara sané pinih ageng ring Oséania lan Sélandia Anyar negara pinih ageng sané ka-2. Negara-negara merdéka tiosan sané wénten ring Oséania rumasuk Fiji, Samoa, Vanuatu, Papua Nugini, Tonga, Tuvalu, Kiribati, Kapuloan Solomon, Nauru, Palau miwah Negara Fédéral Mikronésia. Ring Oséania wénten taler bumi sané durung dados merdéka minakadi Polinésia Prancis, Kalédonia Anyar, Guam, Niue, Kapuloan Cook, Kapuloan Marshall taler tiosan.

Kapuloan Oséania kapepah dados tigang pupulan: Polinésia (saking basa Yunani "nusa akéh"), Mikronésia ("nusa alit") miwah Mélanésia ("nusa ireng").

DemografiSunting

Aran wewidangan lan
territoral mawit kobér
Jimbar
(km²)
Krama
(perkiraan 1 Juli 2008)
Kepadetan krama
(per km²)
Ibu kota ISO 3166-1
Australasia:[1]
  Australia 7,686,850 22,028,000 2.7 Canberra AU
  Selandia Baru[2] 268,680 4,108,037 14.5 Wellington NZ
Teritori Eksternal Australia
 Kepuloan Ashmore lan Cartier 199
Mal:Country data Nusa Natal[3] 135 1,493 3.5 Flying Fish Cove CX
Mal:Country data Kepuloan Cocos (Keeling)[3] 14 632 45.1 West Island CC
 Kepuloan Laut Koral 3
 Nusa Heard lan Kepuloan McDonald 372
Mal:Country data Nusa Norfolk 35 1,866 53.3 Kingston NF
Melanesia:[4]
  Fiji 18,270 856,346 46.9 Suva FJ
Mal:Country data Kaledonia Baru (Prancis) 19,060 240,390 12.6 Nouméa NC
  Papua Nugini[5] 462,840 5,172,033 11.2 Port Moresby PG
  Kepuloan Solomon 28,450 494,786 17.4 Honiara SB
  Vanuatu 12,200 240,000 19.7 Port Vila VU
Mikronesia:
  Federasi Mikronesia 702 135,869 193.5 Palikir FM
Mal:Country data Guam (AS) 549 160,796 292.9 Hagåtña GU
  Kiribati 811 96,335 118.8 South Tarawa KI
  Kepuloan Marshall 181 73,630 406.8 Majuro MH
  Nauru 21 12,329 587.1 Yaren (de facto) NR
Mal:Country data Kepuloan Mariana Utara (AS) 477 77,311 162.1 Saipan MP
  Palau 458 19,409 42.4 Melekeok[6] PW
Mal:Country data Nusa Wake Nusa Wake (AS) 2 12 Wake Island UM
Polinesia:
Mal:Country data Samoa Amerika (AS) 199 68,688 345.2 Pago Pago, Fagatogo[7] AS
Mal:Country data Kepuloan Cook (Selandia Baru) 240 20,811 86.7 Avarua CK
Mal:Country data Nusa Paskah (Chili) 163.6 3,791 23.1 Hanga Roa CL
Mal:Country data Polinesia Prancis (Prancis) 3,961 257,847 61.9 Papeete PF
Mal:Country data Hawaii (AS) 28,311 1,283,388 72.8 Honolulu US
Mal:Country data Niue (Selandia Baru) 260 2,134 8.2 Alofi NU
Mal:Country data Kepuloan Pitcairn (Britania Raya) 5 47 10 Adamstown PN
  Samoa 2,944 179,000 63.2 Apia WS
Mal:Country data Tokelau (Selandia Baru) 10 1,431 143.1 Nukunonu TK
  Tonga 748 106,137 141.9 Nukuʻalofa TO
  Tuvalu 26 11,146 428.7 Funafuti TV
Mal:Country data Wallis lan Futuna (Prancis) 274 15,585 56.9 Mata-Utu WF
Total 8,536,716 35,669,267 4.2
Total nenten daratan Australia 849,866 13,641,267 16.1

PustakaSunting

  1. The use and scope of this term varies. The UN designation for this subregion is "Australia and Selandia Baru."
  2. Selandia Baru is often considered part of Polynesia rather than Australasia.
  3. 3,0 3,1 Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands are Australian external territories in the Indian Ocean southwest of Indonesia.
  4. Excludes parts of Indonesia, island territories in Southeast Asia (UN region) frequently reckoned in this region.
  5. Papua New Guinea is often considered part of Australasia and Melanesia. It is sometimes included in the Malay Archipelago of Southeast Asia.
  6. On 7 October 2006, government officials moved their offices in the former capital of Koror to Melekeok, located 20 km northeast of Koror on Babelthuap Island.
  7. Fagatogo is the seat of government of American Samoa.

Pranala jabaSunting

Mal:Bagian gumi