Koordinat: 20°S 47°E / 20°S 47°E / -20; 47

Madagaskar (/ˌmædəˈɡæskər, -kɑːr/; Mal:Lang-mg), utawi wastan resmine Republic of Madagascar (Mal:Lang-mg Mal:IPA-mg; Prancis: République de Madagascar), inggih punika silih tunggil negari ring benoa Afrika. Negari puniki jimbarnyané 587,041 km² lan akéh kramannyané kirang-langkung 22,434,363 diri.

Republic of Madagascar

  • Repoblikan'i Madagasikara  (Malagasy)
  • République de Madagascar  (Prancis)
Bendera Madagascar
Kober
Semboyan
  • "Fitiavana, Tanindrazana, Fandrosoana" (Malagasy)
  • "Amour, Patrie, Progrès" (Prancis)
  • "Love, Fatherland, Progress"[1]
Gending kebangsaanRy Tanindrazanay malala ô!
Oh, Beloved Land of our Ancestors!
Location of Madagaskar (dark blue) – in Africa (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union (light blue)
Location of Madagaskar (dark blue)

– in Africa (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union (light blue)

Ibu kota
Antananarivo
18°55′S 47°31′E / 18.917°S 47.517°E / -18.917; 47.517
Basa resmi
Kelompok etnik
(2004[2])
DemonimMalagasy[3][4]
PamrentahanUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
• President
Andry Rajoelina
Christian Ntsay
Rivo Rakotovao
Christine Razanamahasoa[5]
LegislatipParliament
Senate
National Assembly
Independence
• from France
26 June 1960
17 November 2010
Jimbarnyané
 - Total
587,041 km2 (226,658 sq mi) (46th)
 - Toya
5,501 km2 (2,124 sq mi)
 - Perairan (%)
0.9%
Populasi
 - Perkiraan 2016
24.894.551[6] (52nd)
35.2/km2 (91.2/sq mi) (174th)
PDB (KKB)2019
 - Total
$45.948 billion[7]
$1,697[7]
PDB (nominal)2019
 - Total
$12.734 billion[7]
$471[7]
Gini (2010)44.1[8]
sedang
IPM (2018)Increase 0.521[9]
rendah · 162nd
Mata uangMalagasy ariary
(MGA)
Zona waktuEAT
(UTC+3)
 - Musim panas (DST)
UTC+3 (not observed[10])
Lajur kemudiright
Kode telepon+261[10]
Kode ISO 3166[[ISO 3166-2:MG

|MG

]]
Ranah Internet.mg
Kopér Madagaskar
Péta Madagaskar
Madagaskar ring Afrika

PustakaSunting

  1. Le Comité Consultatif Constitutionnel (1 October 2010). "Projet de Constitution de la Quatrième République de Madagascar" (PDF) (in Prancis). Madagascar Tribune. Kaarsipin (PDF) saking versi asli tanggal 28 June 2011. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
  2. "MADAGASCAR: general data". Populstat.info. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal 9 February 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  3. "Demonyms – Names of Nationalities". Geography.about.com. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  4. "Malagasy – National Geographic Style Manual". Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  5. https://afriquepanorama.com/2019/07/17/madagascar-christine-razanamahasoa-a-la-tete-de-lassemblee-nationale/
  6. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). Departemen_Urusan_Ekonomi_dan_Sosial_PBB, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  7. 7,0 7,1 7,2 7,3 "Madagascar". International Monetary Fund.
  8. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011.
  9. "Human Development Report 2019" (PDF) (in Inggris). United Nations Development Programme. 10 December 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  10. 10,0 10,1 Bradt (2011), p. 2.

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