Britania Agung

(Kagingsirang saking Inggris)

Britania Agung inggih punika silih tunggil negari ring benoa Éropa. Negari punika jimbarnyané 163,610 km² miwah madué akéh kramanyané kirang-langkung 66,040,229 diri.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

A flag composed of a red cross edged in white and superimposed on a red saltire, also edged in white, superimposed on a white saltire on a blue background
Kober
Europe-UK (orthographic projection).svg
Europe-UK.svg
United Kingdom (+overseas territories and crown dependencies) in the World (+Antarctica claims).svg
Location of the Britania Agung (dark green)

in Europe (dark grey)

Ibu kota
London
51°30′N 0°7′W / 51.500°N 0.117°W / 51.500; -0.117
Official language
and national language
Inggris
Kelompok etnik
(2011)
  • 87,1% Petak
  • 7,0% Asia
  • 3,0% Ireng
  • 2,0% Adukan
  • 0,9% Liyane
Agama
(2011[2][3])
  • 59.5% Kristen
  • 25.7% Tak agama
  • 4.4% Islam
  • 1.3% Hindu
  • 0.7% Sikhisme
  • 0.4% Yahudi
  • 0.4% Buddha
  • 0.4% Liyane
  • 7.2% Tak masaur
Demonim
  • British
  • Briton
  • Brit (colloquial)
PamréntahanUnitér[lower-alpha 1] parleménter
monarki konstitusional
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Boris Johnson
LegislatipParlemén
House of Lords
House of Commons
Formasi
1535 miwah 1542
24 Maret 1603
1 Méi 1707
1 Januari 1801
5 Désémber 1922
Jimbarnyané
 - Total
242,495 km2 (93,628 sq mi)[8] (ka-78)
 - Perairan (%)
1,51 (2015)[9]
Populasi
 - Perkiraan 2020
Neutral increase 67,886,004[10] (ka-21)
 - Sensus Krama 2011
63.182.178[11] (ka-22)
2,707/km2 (7,011.1/sq mi) (ka-50)
PDB (KKB)2021
 - Total
Increase $3,174 triliun[12] (10th)
Increase $47,089[12] (24th)
PDB (nominal)2021
 - Total
Increase $3.124 trillion[12] (ka-5)
Increase $46,344[12] (ka-21)
Gini (2019)Negative increase 36,6[13]
Error: Invalid Gini value · ka-33
IPM (2019)Increase 0.932[14]
sangat tinggi · ka-13
Mata uangPound sterling[lower-alpha 2]
(GBP)
Zona waktuGreenwich Mean Time, WET
(UTC )
 - Musim panas (DST)
UTC+1 (British Summer Time, WEST)
Wentuk pinanggaldd/mm/yyyy
yyyy-mm-dd (AD)
Lajur kemudikiwa
Kode télépon+44
Kode ISO 3166[[ISO 3166-2:GB

|GB

]]
Ranah Internet.uk

PustakaUah

  1. "National Anthem". Official web site of the British Royal Family. 15 January 2016. Kaakses 4 June 2016.
  2. "UNdata | record view | Population by religion, sex and urban/rural residence". data.un.org. Kaakses 13 October 2018.
  3. Philby, Charlotte (12 December 2012). "Less religious and more ethnically diverse: Census reveals a picture of Britain today". The Independent. London.
  4. Bradbury, Jonathan (2021). Constitutional Policy and Territorial Politics in the UK: Volume 1: Union and Devolution 1997-2012. Policy Press. pp. 19–20. ISBN 978-1-5292-0588-6.
  5. Leith, Murray Stewart (2012). Political Discourse and National Identity in Scotland. Edinburgh University Press. p. 39. ISBN 978-0-7486-8862-3.
  6. Gagnon, Alain-G.; Tully, James (2001). Multinational Democracies. Cambridge University Press. p. 47. ISBN 978-0-521-80473-8.
  7. Bogdanor, Vernon (1998). "Devolution: the Constitutional Aspects". Ring Beatson, Jack (ed.). Constitutional Reform in the United Kingdom: Practice and Principles. Oxford: Hart Publishing. p. 18. ISBN 978-1-901362-84-8.
  8. Demographic Yearbook – Table 3: Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density (PDF) (Report). United Nations Statistics Division. 2012. Kaakses 9 August 2015.
  9. "Surface water and surface water change". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Kaakses 11 October 2020.
  10. "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". population.un.org. Kaakses 31 March 2020.
  11. "2011 UK censuses". Office for National Statistics. Kaakses 17 December 2012.
  12. 12,0 12,1 12,2 12,3 "World Economic Outlook database: April 2021". International Monetary Fund. April 2021.
  13. "Inequality - Income inequality". us.oecd.org. OECD. Kaakses 25 July 2021.
  14. "Human Development Report 2020" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020. Kaakses 15 December 2020.

CutetanUah

  1. Meskipun Inggris Raya secara tradisional dipandang sebagai negara kesatuan, deskripsi alternatif Inggris sebagai "negara serikat", dikemukakan oleh, antara lain, Vernon Bogdanor,[4] dan telah menjadi semakin berpengaruh sejak adopsi devolusi pada 1990-an.[5] Sebuah negara serikat dianggap berbeda dari negara kesatuan dalam hal mempertahankan otoritas pusat, ia juga mengakui hak-hak otoritas bersejarah dan bagian-bagian komponen infrastrukturnya.[6][7]
  2. Some of the devolved countries, Crown dependencies and British Overseas Territories issue their own sterling banknotes or currencies, or use another nation's currency. See List of British currencies for more information